Web Design and Related Job Opportunities

The term Web Design refers to a whole range of capabilities, disciplines and skills in designing, producing and maintaining websites. As the term indicates, it includes many areas of web design – authoring, graphics, user experience and user interfaces, search engine optimization, standardization of codes, proprietary software and many more aspects. Web design primarily relates to the design process concerning the front-end design that involves web layout and content rollout (referred to as client side). In that sense, some areas of web design have an overlap with web engineering when you broadly refer to web design or development because professional web designers are required to possess great degree of knowledge regarding web accessibility guidelines.

The History of the Web and its Evolution spanning two decades
The history of web design is fairly recent; however its impact is seen from a technological standpoint linking it other tech areas such as graphic design and user interface. In the two decades or so since the Web made its debut, it has greatly impacted everyday lives; can you imagine the Internet without graphics, music and interactive language?

In the early 1980s, Tim Berners-Lee, an independent contractor employed with CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research came up with the idea of a project based on a concept known as ‘hypertext’ – the term ‘hypertext’ refers to the display of text on a computer screen or any other electronic device with linked references to further text that can be revealed level by level progressively depending upon the readers requirement – which would facilitate information to be updated and shared among colleagues and fellow workers. The prototype he made was called ‘Enquire’. A moderately successful user experience followed and opened the door to a world of opportunities.

In 1989, Berners-Lee seized the opportunity of merging hypertext with Internet; lo and behold, the Worldwide Web came into existence although it took a further two to three years before viewing of information or web pages was made possible by a line-mode browser.

In 1996, Microsoft came up with its first browser, a competitive usability tool with its own tags and features. The world woke up to terms like HTML mark-up, plug-ins, widgets, midgets, motion graphics and many, many more.

The Browser wars

Intense competition between Netscape and Microsoft peaked during the 1990s. Open Source Licenses allowed thousands of web developers to write codes to improve software programs creating the Web Standards Project and browser compliance with HTML and CSS standards. In 2000, when Microsoft came up with Internet Explorer, it was the world’s first to have standards compliance supporting HTML 4.01 and the PNG Image Format. Around this time, AOL bought over Netscape Navigator and Microsoft has had virtual monopoly ever since.

The New Era

The 21st century brought in significant changes in web usage and the way people utilized the web; more user friendly capabilities have modified the way websites are designed today. The end of the ‘browser war’ brought new elements into focus. Open Source Software that is more adaptable and suitable to the new standards makes development faster and these new options are increasingly being considered to be better in some aspects than Internet Explorer.

Job opportunities

The two primary job categories involved in website creation are Web Designer and Web Developer. The job specifications for each vary between organizations and the functions that are required; overall, designing and programming responsibilities include coloring, content, layout, typography, along with knowledge of programming languages like CSS, Flash, HTML, JavaScript, PHP and others.

Other jobs, which go hand in hand with web designing and web development include:

• Graphic Designing
• Internet Copywriting
• Internet Marketing
• Search Engine Optimization (SEO) content tech writers
• User Experience (UX) Designers

There are several web hosting providers that provide you with many options for designing and hosting websites. The chief criterion to select a web host includes features offered, prices and the company’s reputation for providing trouble free connectivity and service. To cope with competition, many hosts provide web hosting promo codes or coupon codes or hosting coupons that offer many additional features like unique domain names, website building tools and anti-spam software.

MoS2 Low Friction Coatings – Not Just For The Aviation Industry Anymore

MoS2 low friction coatings (also known as molybdenum disulfide, also spelled, disulphide) are regarded the most widely used form of solid film lubrication today. What makes them unique (with the other dichalcogenides) is the weak atomic interaction (Van der Waals) of the sulfide anions, while covalent bonds within molybdenum are strong.Thus, lubrication relies on slippage along the sulfur atoms. All the properties of the lamella structure are intrinsic. No external form of moisture is required. In fact, best performance from MoS2 low friction coatings is attained in the absence of water vapor, which are prone to surface adsorption. This makes them ideal under vacuum.There are a number of methods to apply MoS2 low friction coatings, including a simple rubbing or burnishing, air-spraying resin-bonded or inorganically bonded coatings, and more recently by sputtering through physical vapor deposition (PVD).Thickness will vary, depending on form of MoS2 low friction coatings, but typically ranges between 5 to 15 micrometer. Sputtering techniques can produce thin films of 0.2 micrometer. While plasma sprays will result in higher builds, beginning at 0.003 inch or more.Friction coefficient less than 0.05 is attainable, but will also vary with humidity and sliding conditions. Tests show friction decreases with increasing vacuum strength. Friction also lowers with higher load, faster surface speed, or both. In fact, MoS2 low friction coatings are superior to both graphite and tungsten disulfide (WS2). Friction with MoS2 low friction coatings is independent of particle size, though the larger particles can carry more load.Dry lubrication for MoS2 low friction coatings remains superior at higher temperatures, with oxidation rates remaining relatively low at temperatures up to 600 degrees Fahrenheit. And in dry, oxygen-free atmospheres, lubricating performance, even with oxidation products, is stable to 1300 degrees Fahrenheit.Higher air flow can affect oxidation kinetic rates in atmosphere. Molybdenum oxide products (MoO3) and sulfur dioxide. Since MoO3 alone offers dry lubrication, based on its relative softness, molybdenum disulfide coating are ideal in higher temperature environments. At higher temperatures, though, they are better suited under vacuum. In atmosphere, they are prone to water adsorption from air based on their hygroscopic properties.As with the other dry film lubricants, while differences may prove negligible, you will have to determine which is better for you: longer wear life or better performance, using MoS2 low friction coatings. Generally, friction will be slightly higher by coating both surfaces, rather than coating one surface only. But wear life will increase coating both surfaces.Friction can be good in so many areas of life. Without it we could not easily stop and start our motion, or change direction. But in moving machinery, friction causes considerable loss of energy, poorer performance, not to mention limiting wear life.As with many non-lubricated systems, the static coefficient of friction is higher than the dynamic coefficient of friction. The resultant motion is often referred to as ‘stick-slip’. Basically, the two surfaces stick together until the elastic energy within the system has accumulated to some threshold, where a sudden, forward slip takes place. Under magnification, it’s apparent the union of two surfaces is often limited to intimate contact only at the tips of a few of the asperities (small scale, surface irregularities). At these point areas, pressures relating to contact may be near the hardness of the softer material. Thus, plastic deformation occurs on some localized scale. This is known as cold welding. Where bonded junctions are formed between two materials.For lubrication to occur, these bonds, this adhesive component of friction, must be broken. And this is where products like MoS2 low friction coatings serve well.So, where are these products used today? Consider aerospace, automotive, marine and electronic, for starters. There, you’ll find MoS2 low friction coatings, again and again.

Ontario’s Wine Industry – Harvesting the Benefits of SR&ED

How wonderful it is to proudly browse the wide selection of Ontario’s wines at your local LCBO. Knowing that your own winery is both a driving force in the Canadian economy and an innovator of the local wine industry can certainly be rewarding, both personally and professionally.From challenges to opportunitiesQuite often the goal of a grape grower to produce a consistent, high-quality brand of wine is met with many unexpected challenges. With the erratic situation of the Canadian economy following the recession, wine makers of Ontario struggle to produce at the risk of manufacturing downsizing. In addition to economic factors, the wine industry of Ontario is faced with a higher stringency under Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) regulations, and the push from Wine Council of Ontario (WCO) to raise industry standards by participating in programs like Sustainable Winemaking Ontario.For the individual winery of Ontario, keeping up with competition means continuously utilizing new technologies and finding innovative ways to provide a premium product, despite such challenges. Simply put, this boils down to having the necessary financial opportunities become available to maintain a healthy competition. Are these opportunities available to the wine industry of Ontario? Yes – SR&ED is the answer!The SR&ED programThe SR&ED program (Scientific Research & Experimental Development) aims to reimburse companies for their experimental development expenses. For over 20 years and with about $4 billion a year in funding, it remains the largest single source of federal funding for R&D in Canada. The goal is to make creativity and innovation affordable in the Canadian business environment and foster future development.The program is highly relevant to businesses who are naturally involved in shop-floor
experimentation. R&D projects that qualify under the program include (1) work undertaken for the purpose of achieving technological advancement and/or (2) creating new, or improving existing materials, devices, products or processes. The actual refund amount depends on proper identification and qualification of eligible expenditures.Wineries in Ontario serve as ideal candidates for such funding. Typical SR&ED eligible activities that apply to the wine industry include:Developing new wines
Altering soil chemistry
Handling and harvesting technology
Improved bottling techniques
Altering practice as result of the weather
Many more…
Wineries and growers may be regularly overcoming such obstacles in daily operation. Your innovative solutions to these problems may very well qualify you for some SR&ED funding. The program supports any attempts to improve your business operations, even if they do not prove successful.Which costs qualify?Working on new ideas takes time, wastes material and requires equipment modification. The SR&ED program allows retrieving these expenses:68% of wages and salaries of personnel directly involved in R&D
41% of sub-contractor expenses
22% of capital expenditures
The refund has no strings attached – as a winery owner you are free to spend it anyway you like – buy new equipment, attempt new projects, or give everyone a big bonus – the decision is yours!How we can help?Submitting a SR&ED claim is a fairly complex and time consuming process. It involves properly identifying eligible activities within your business, associating the appropriate costs to these projects and completing a highly technical report to support the claim.Using the extensive experience of a professional consultancy like ourselves, business owners have the opportunity to review their potential for qualification, and complete the application process in a few hours, and with no up-front costs. We get paid when you do!Discovering that your business is eligible for SR&ED funding makes a world of difference. The goal is to help your winery take potential technical risks that will eventually lead to significant improvements in your industry.